According to researchers the ideology developed in 2011 is a blend of cyber-anarchism, anti-globalization and populism similar to the one that developed in Russia and America during the late 19th century.
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We all know the Anonymous mask, a symbol of the new form of revolution (anarcho-populism), a symbol that we have seen on the streets of Cairo and elsewhere. The anti-globalization movements that took place in the 1990s and 2000s are the basis of the current philosophy. These movements rejected the power of and the promotion of the concept of collectiveness via local assemblies. However, there is a significant difference between the anti-globalization movements as well as those of the squares, for example, those that have been revived in Greece and elsewhere.
The anti-globalization movement was a protest against global neoliberalism and its principal supporters such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Trade Organization. The protests in the square, like those we saw in the case of Aganaktismenoi in Greece were primarily against the domestic oligarchy of the political system. Pure ideologies were not feasible. All different walks of life participated in the activity of the squares. They debated and discussed their opinions with each other. Their aim was to create greater justice and transparency in the system of political power.
Due to the economic crisis, the “contract” between ruling class and the citizens was shattered. Neoliberal elites created fake economic crises that don’t save everyone. This has led to millions of people being in extreme poverty or extreme poverty (Greece is a living example). Governments are no longer able to ensure prosperity, and neither does the sustainability of their citizens. freedom is a limiting factor.
The latest movements and new ideology typically utilize social media to communicate messages that mobilize angry citizens and shield the populace from the austerity measures (see the anti-auction protests in Greece). These movements’ communication campaigns expose the financial and political scandals, middle-class poverty and oppression of government.
Two-pole systems are built – the common man against the elites, common people who seek democracy and fight against totalitarianism. The relationship between the Left is competitive, and the Left combats these groups. In the economy, the main goals are to provide social services and ensure an income minimum, and unlike the globalization movements , which are awaiting the ending of capitalism the new ideology emphasises the ending of inequality mostly at the local and national levels.
The current political system is unable to meet the new ideals and, in my opinion, it is wrong to consider this new ideology as populist in the sense of nationalism that is chauvinistic.
Many political parties and coalitions today will collapse when they do not grasp the new framework of ideology. The collapse is evident in Greece through the massive contestation of elections and the formation of small parties. They do not fully grasp the new paradigm but still think in a traditional way.
Unrest throughout the world is caused by global changes. The new reality has not yet been created however it will possibly after very difficult processes, be constructed hoping to improve living conditions for people.